The Tashkurgan Uprising in Southern Xinjiang in the 1940s According to the Records of the British and American Diplomats (Part 1)

By Ablet Kamalov: Part 1 Part 2 Introduction In November 1944 a rebellion of local Muslim peoples broke out in three districts of the Xinjiang province of China neighboring Soviet Republic of Kazakhstan –  Ili, Tarbaghatay and Altay, resulted in establishing Eastern Turkistan Republic (ETR, 1944-1949). This unrecognized republic was backed up by the Soviet Union... Continue Reading →


250 Years History of the Turkic-Muslim Camp in Beijing

By Takahiro Onuma for Central Eurasian Research Series No.2, 2009. Link Abstract In the 18th century, the Manchu Qing dynasty (1616-1912) reached its peak under the reign of the sixth emperor Qianlong (1736-95). The empire’s advance into Central Asia during 1755-59, which resulted in the extermination of the Zhungars and the annexation of Eastern Turkistan... Continue Reading →

The Problematic Progress of ‘Integration’ in the Chinese State’s Approach to Xinjiang, 1759 -2005

Clarke, M. (2007). The Problematic Progress of ‘Integration’in the Chinese State's Approach to Xinjiang, 1759–2005. Asian Ethnicity, 8(3), 261-289. Link Abstract The statement that Xinjiang is an integral province of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) is not as banal as it would first appear. The primary question that arises from this statement is how—by what processes... Continue Reading →

Competing historical accounts and the importance of nationalised mythologies: Han Chinese ‘imaginaries’ and Uighur ‘realities’

Hayes, A. (2012). Competing historical accounts and the importance of nationalised mythology: Han Chinese'imaginaries' and Uighur'realities'. The British World: Religion, Memory, Society, Culture: Refereed Proceedings, 341-354. Link Abstract There is an overt defensiveness by the government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) when it comes to Xinjiang’s past. According to official Chinese historiography, Xinjiang has... Continue Reading →

Tibet and Xinjiang: Unrest in China’s West

Edited by Ben Hillman and Gray Tuttle Summary Despite more than a decade of rapid economic development, rising living standards, and large-scale improvements in infrastructure and services, China's western borderlands are awash in a wave of ethnic unrest not seen since the 1950s. Through on-the-ground interviews and firsthand observations, the international experts in this volume... Continue Reading →

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