The Impact of Environmental Pollution on Ethnic Unrest in Xinjiang: A Uyghur Perspective

Baranovitch, N. (2018). The Impact of Environmental Pollution on Ethnic Unrest in Xinjiang: A Uyghur Perspective. Modern China, 0097700418819090. Link Abstract Since the early 1990s, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region has been one of the most restive areas in China, and in recent years, following the July 2009 Urumchi riots, it has experienced frequent incidents of... Continue Reading →


Genocide in East Turkistan

A report by the Uyghur Research Institute, 2019: Link The Uyghur Research Institute is a think tank based in Ankara, Turkey that deals primarily in Uyghur issues. This report delves into the legal definitions of genocide and whether the current Uyghur situation can be described as such.

A Nearly Perfect Storm: The Rise and Fall of the Eastern Turkistan People’s Revolutionary Party 

Evans, M. P. (2017). A Nearly Perfect Storm: The Rise and Fall of the Eastern Turkistan People's Revolutionary Party (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University). Link Abstract In the summer of 1969, China and the Soviet Union teetered at the brink of war. Looking to exploit a perceived vulnerability, Soviets used the language of national liberation to encourage minority peoples along... Continue Reading →

The Ili Rebellion: Muslim Challenge to Chinese Authority in Xingjiang, 1944-49 (1989)

By Linda K Benson Summary In 1944 Moslem forces in China's westernmost province of Xinjiang rose against the Chinese authorities and succeeded in establishing a small independent Islamic state - the East Turkestan Republic. Based on newly available archival material, this book describes the Moslem challenge to Chinese rule and documents the Nationalist government's response... Continue Reading →

Language, Education and Uyghur Identity in Urban Xinjiang

Edited by Joanne Smith Finley and Xiaowei Zang Summary  This book explores the relationship between language, education and identity among the urban Uyghurs of contemporary Xinjiang. Primordialism, a concept put forward by early anthropologists, refers to the tendency of human beings to attribute power to certain shared givens, such as perceived origins, language, territory or... Continue Reading →

From Domestic to International: The Politics of Ethnic Identity in Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia

Han, E. (2011). From domestic to international: the politics of ethnic identity in Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia. Nationalities Papers, 39(6), 941-962. Link Abstract This paper examines two contrasting cases of ethnic-group political activism in China – the Uighurs in Xinjiang and the Mongols in Inner Mongolia – to explain the former’s political activism and the latter’s lack... Continue Reading →

The Tashkurgan Uprising in Southern Xinjiang in the 1940s According to the Records of the British and American Diplomats (Part 1)

By Ablet Kamalov: Part 1 Part 2 Introduction In November 1944 a rebellion of local Muslim peoples broke out in three districts of the Xinjiang province of China neighboring Soviet Republic of Kazakhstan –  Ili, Tarbaghatay and Altay, resulted in establishing Eastern Turkistan Republic (ETR, 1944-1949). This unrecognized republic was backed up by the Soviet Union... Continue Reading →

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