Eden, J. (2015). A Sufi Saint in Sixteenth-Century East Turkistan: New Evidence Concerning the Life of Khwāja Isḥāq. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 25(2), 229-245. Link
The rise of Khwaja Ishaq, one of the most inﬂuential ﬁgures in the history of Central Asian Suﬁsm, hasoften been explained by the patronage of particular royals. This “royal patron” model has, however, beenbased on a ﬂawed reading of hagiographical sources by which crucial questions of genre are overlooked in the effort of mining these complex narratives for apparent historical facts. New evidence, presented here, allows us to question the “royal patron” model, along with the commonly-accepted chronology of Khwaja Ishaq’s life, and calls for a different approach to Suﬁ hagiography as a historical source.