HASIOTIS, A. (1982). A STUDY OF SOVIET POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, AND MILITARY INVOLVEMENT IN SINKIANG FROM 1928 TO 1949. Link (or message me for PDF)
First paragraph of Introduction
The purpose of this study is to examine the aims, policies, and methods of the Soviet Union (USSR) in its attempts to influence and control events in Sinkiang during the period from 1928 to 1949. The crucial factor that underlay the situation in Sinkiang during the period under study was the inability of the Nationalist Government to extend its effective governmental apparatus into Sinkiang. The absence of effective control by the central government over border areas was not an unprecedented state of affairs in the recent history of China. Outer Mongolia, Manchuria, and Tibet were also prominent examples of border areas that achieved varying degrees of autonomy at certain times in the recent past. Yet, the situation in Sinkiang differed from Manchuria where, during the late 1920’s and early 1930’s, the Japanese militarists were bent upon physically occupying and politically controlling a part of China. Nor was Sinkiang to follow the path of Outer Mongolia where in 1924 an “independent” socialist government was proclaimed with the assistance of the Soviet Union.