Ethnic Minorities in Xinjiang

Read the free e-book here: Routledge

Introduction

There has been significant coverage in the media in recent years on the increase of
violence towards the Xinjiang Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities in China. This
Freebook explores how the Uyghur language, Uyghur culture, Xinjiang geopolitics and
Chinese state response have all resulted in and affected the violence in Xinjiang in the
Twenty-First Century.

The first chapter, by Michael Dillon, gives a brief introduction to Uyghur history
including an overview of Xinjiang and its location, Uyghur language and culture, the
religious restrictions imposed over the years and various occasions of violence starting
from the 1900s.

The next chapter, by Joanne Smith and Xiaowei Zang, explores the language and
education of the Xinjiang Uyghurs and how this had a direct impact on their identity.
This chapter further defines ethnic identity and questions its relationship to social,
cultural and religious practices.

Chapter three, by Michael Clarke, delves into the problematic nature of geopolitics and
explores how Beijing and the West’s geopolitical perspectives have influenced and
constrained the Uyghur domain.

The following chapter, by Debasish Chaudhuri, evaluates the nature of protests and
violence led by the Uyghur and how the Chinese state responded.

Chapters five and six, both written by Michael Dillon, give an overview of the
insurgency in Xinjiang and the resistance of the Uyghur from the 1950s through the
1990s and into the twenty-first century.

The final chapter, again written by Michael Dillon, is a recent addition on the subject of
the re-education camps that were introduced in 2014.

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