Shan, W., & Chen, G. (2011). The Urumqi riots and China’s ethnic policy in Xinjiang. East Asian Policy, 1(3), 14-22. PDF
The Urumqi riots revealed deep-rooted ethnic tensions in China and called into question Beijing’s ethnic policies. Ethnical minorities in China enjoy preferential policies in education, family planning, judicial treatment and other areas, but they also face heavy regulations in religious activities. These policies, in combination with economic inequalities between the Han and other groups, have manifested grievances and resentment within the religious minorities.